How To Protect Yourself
Advisory On The Use Of N-95 Masks
The director-general of health services has issued an order to all the states regarding the use of N-95 masks by the public other than designated health workers. The order stated that these masks, particularly with valved respirators are said to be “detrimental” to the measures adopted for the containment of the COVID-19 virus as they don’t prevent the virus from escaping out. The government advised the people to use homemade protective cover for face and mouth which must be washed and cleaned each day.
Advisory On Use Of Homemade Protective Cover For Face & Mouth
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has issued an advisory and a guide to provide a simple outline of the best practices to make, use, and reuse face covers by the individuals themselves.
It also added that it is not recommended for either healthcare workers or those in close contact with COVID patients.
Click here, to see the full PDF.
How To Handle Delivery Packages Safely?
Recent studies suggest that SARS CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19 can remain active on certain surfaces such as plastic, stainless steel, cardboard, and copper for several hours.
According to the CDC, it may also be possible for a person to get COVID-19 by simply touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their face, mouth, nose or eyes.
So, here are some useful tips that you can follow while receiving packages to maintain good hygiene. To download this PDF click on the button below.
Everyday Preventive Measures To Protect Yourself From SARS-COV-2
Singaporean Health Minister Speaks About How To Protect Yourself From Novel Coronavirus. Singapore Has Managed To Contain The Virus To Date With No Deaths As Of March 6th.
3D Medical Animation Video Explaining What Is Coronavirus, How It Attacks Your Body, And How To Protect Yourself.
How To Protect Yourself
Our short video explains how to protect yourself against infectious respiratory illnesses. It covers hand hygiene, masks, how to sneeze, gloves and more. Available in four languages.
Also, download the above video as a PDF by clicking on the button below.
Use Hand Sanitizers That Are Alcohol Based
Coronaviruses are an example of an enveloped virus which means that their genome consists of a strand of RNA (rather than DNA) and that each viral particle is wrapped in a protein “envelope”. Ethanol-based Sanitizers or bleach can be used as a disinfectant for SARS-Coronavirus-2. The reason for using Alcohol-Based sanitizers/bleach is because coronaviruses are enveloped virus and these could be efficiently inactivated by Alcohol-Based sanitizers/bleach.
According to WHO an Alcohol-Based Sanitizer is an alcohol-containing solution specifically designed for applications to hands to inactivate microorganisms and/or temporarily suppress their growth. The most effective alcohol-based solutions are the ones with 60%-80% alcohol. Below is the method for how and when to use the alcohol-based sanitizers:
How to use the alcohol-based sanitizers:
- Apply enough of the product to the palm of your hand(do not touch opening of the sanitizers)
- Rub your hands together until they dry or for 20 seconds.
When to use alcohol-based sanitizers:
- Before and after visiting a friend or a loved one in a hospital or nursing home, unless the person is sick with COVID-19.
- After touching objects like doorknobs, lift buttons, switches, etc.
- After sneezing, coughing, using the washroom, etc.
Leave Some Space To Stay Safe
1 meter distance is good; 2 meter is great
Test for social distancing pp.: Coronaviruses are relatively large viruses with a size of over 100 nanometers. As a result, they are to heavy to be airborne and cannot be carried by a persons breath. Instead they are carried by respiratory droplets that escape a person when they are coughing or sneezing. They can also result from touching a contaminated surface and then touching ones eyes, mouth or nose. Therefore, it is advisable to:
- Refrain from shaking hands; instead , just say Nameste
- Keep a distance of 2 meters (approx 6 ft) from other people
- Wear a mask in places where it is impossible to maintain distance (see our section on masks)
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has also proposed some interventions to encourage social distancing. To see all the proposed interventions or for a downloadable version of the form, please see here.
5 Best Ways to Increase Immunity
Try to get enough Vitamin D
Vitamin D won’t help one in getting the protection from virus exposure but it helps in the reduction of illness and increases the recovery. And since getting vitamin D is very easy just one needs to sit in the clear sunlight for around half an hour.
Getting good and enough sleep
Sleeping for 7-9 hours a day will help the body in the critical recovery of various functions of the body including the immune system.
Now you can’t go to the gym due to pandemic but sure you can exercise at your house like doing some skipping rope, push ups, stretching, etc. Workouts help in the reduction of inflammation and support infection-fighting cells.
Perform some meditation and yoga to lower the stress because the more a person takes stress the body releases the stress hormones which stop the immune system.
Eat a balanced diet
A healthful diet with all the needed nutrients helps the immune system. One should include these foods in their diet to increase the immunity – Ginger, Citrus Fruits, Turmeric, Garlic, Tulsi Leaves, zinc supplements.
Frequently Asked Questions
SARS-Coronavirus-2 is a new strand of the coronavirus family. This family of virus is responsible for SARS and MERS. This new mutated virus has originated from Wuhan, Hubei Province in China.
Official and scientists around the globe are working hard to identify its source of origination. As mentioned above it belongs to a family of Coronaviruses that are known to cause illness like SARS and MERS is known to come from civet cats and camels respectively.
This virus probably originally emerged from an animal source but now seems to be spreading from person-to-person. It’s important to note that person-to-person spread can happen on a continuum. Some viruses are highly contagious (like measles), while other viruses are less so. At this time, it’s unclear how easily or sustainably this virus is spreading between people. Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses.
No. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, some causing illness in people and others that circulate among animals, including camels, cats and bats. The recently emerged SARS-Coronavirus-2 is not the same as the coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) or the coronavirus that causes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). However, genetic analyses suggest this virus emerged from a virus related to SARS. There are ongoing investigations to learn more. This is a rapidly evolving situation and information will be updated as it becomes available.
The people who meet the following list of criteria are at risk:
- People who live in COVID-19 affected areas or have recently travelled to those areas
- Those who had contact with the other infected cases of COVID-19
- People having respiratory disease, diabetes, pre-existing kidney failure, suppressed immune systems, cardiovascular diseases are more vulnerable to this virus.
- People older than 60 years of age.
These below symptoms can occur for the one having COVID-19 virus:
- Shortness of Breath
- Cough/Sore Throat
- Loss of smell or taste
- Chest pain
To prevent yourself from infection, one should not exposed to the virus. But the following everyday actions can help to prevent the spread of virus:
- For at least 20 seconds one should wash hands often with water and soap, if soap and water is not available an alcohol based sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol can be used.
- Maintain a distance of at least 2m from the other people
- If hands are unwashed avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Avoid contact with the sick people
- Use tissue while coughing or sneezing, and throw that tissue after that.
- Clean and disinfect the object that you touch frequently.
- If you are sick it is good to stay at home.
If you had a close contact with a person who is confirmed or suspected for the COVID-19 then you should start to have a check on your health from the day of contact and continue for at least 14 days. You should also keep an eye on these symptoms:
- If you have fever take your temperature twice a day
- Shortness of Breath
- Sore Throat/Headache/Runny Nose
If you experience any of the signs and symptoms of COVID-19, follow these steps below to help prevent the spread of the disease.
- Do not go to a hospital or pharmacy, instead call the State helpline number or Ministry of Health & Family Welfare’s 24X7 helpline at 011-23978046 or see one of the numbers above.
- You may be asked to self-quarantine.
- Your details will be shared with the local healthcare officials.
- The local healthcare officials will contact you with the testing protocols of COVID-19.
- If you qualify as a case to get tested, then you will be tested at a Government approved lab.
- Till the results come back, you may be asked to self-quarantine or kept quarantined at a healthcare facility.
If the tests results are positive then the health officials will admit you immediately in the hospital and start your treatment but if this does not happen then immediately inform the Health care officers and inform them that you are a confirmed case of COVID-19. And until you are admitted to the hospital you should put on a mask provided to you because it will help in restriction of spread of virus.
The health experts and doctors of WHO has declared the Wuhan Coronavirus Outbreak a PHEIC(Public-Health Emergency of International Concern).
The investigation for the source and spread of SARS-Coronavirus-2 is still undergoing so it is very difficult to tell the reasons behind it. But the poor survivability of coronaviruses(because SARS-Coronavirus-2 is genetically similar to virus that causes SARS) will make them low risky in case of the products shipped from China over a period of days or weeks under different temperatures.
No, it is not safe to travel to those areas these days, there is a high risk of getting the infection. Even if you have to travel to that area ensure to take the precautions.
If you had recently traveled to affected areas in India and feeling any of the symptoms like fever/cough/breathing difficulty/ then you should immediately contact with the medical officers of your area and tell them about these symptoms.
If you are sick, avoid contact with pets or animals. Even though there are no reports of any animal infected with COVID-19, other types of coronavirus can affect the animals. Even if you want to take care of a sick animal, wear a mask and gloves.
Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent COVID 19. This disease is caused by a new virus, so the new vaccine could take time in development. It could take a few weeks or months or even year.
As of today, there is no approved treatment for infection caused by COVID-19. But some of the symptoms can be treated on the patient’s health condition. Good Medical care is very supportive in the treatment of the symptoms of COVID-19. Click here to see how different states and countries are treating COVID.
People infected with SARS-CoV-2 or those who had contact with COVID-19 should wear a surgical face mask to reduce the spread of the virus. The health care workers caring for patients affected with COVID-19 should wear N-95 masks.