Top States have very different approaches , and very different outcomes

July 26, 2020

Top States Have Very Different Approaches, And Very Different Outcomes

MAHARASHTRA – even as more police personnel from Maharashtra test positive for coronavirus disease , state Home Minister Anil Deshmukh said experts were being consulted to formulate a response to the rising number of positive cases and deaths in the force.State Home Minister Anil Deshmukh told, “On almost every front in the battle against Covid-19, the police force is playing a key role, be it guarding boundaries of districts or containment zones, or deployment at high-risk isolation wards, quarantine facilities and hospitals.Now, there is additional responsibility of managing large number of migrant workers returning to the state. This is in addition to all the routine police work.”Asked about the rising number of cases in the police force and if further measures were being taken in addition to existing ones, Deshmukh said, “We are consulting experts on the subject and their inputs will soon be brought into action. The strategy to tackle the infection among cops is being revised. We are considering different ways to bring changes in the daily functioning of the police force to ensure the risk is minimised.”

TAMIL NADU – The number of new infections has seen a dip in Chennai in the last few days. As it continued to stay at the 1,200-mark for the second consecutive day, a public health expert said there was a need to wait and watch the trend for the next 10 days. “The unlock may cause a surge in the number of people failing to wear masks and comply with physical distancing norms. We need to watch for the next 10 days,” the expert said.

J. Radhakrishnan, Health Secretary, said that the work must continue with the same intensity. “We appeal to the people to strictly follow standard operating procedures (SOP) for each activity, and the common factors for all SOPs are 100% herd masking, physical distancing, handwashing and stepping out of houses only if necessary. The vulnerable need to be protected,” he said.

DELHI – The Delhi government has revised its ‘COVID Response Plan’ and will now enlist and screen for the novel coronavirus daily wagers, domestic helps, auto drivers and food suppliers, according to an official order issued on Wednesday.

It will also enlist and screen people in high-risk groups (HRGs) — those aged above 60 or having comorbid conditions — through house-to-house surveys in containment zones, buffer zones and areas with isolated cases.

The city government revised its ‘COVID Response Plan’ following suggestions from the National Centre for Disease Control, Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and NITI Aayog in view of a significant number of cases being reported as isolated cases in Delhi.

According to the modified plan, Special Surveillance Groups (SSGs), including rickshaw pullers, auto drivers, taxi drivers, domestic helps, plumbers, electricians, carpenters etc, and those who supply essentials, parcels and posts will be enlisted with the help of municipal corporations, transport department, resident welfare associations and police.

KARNATAKA – While the COVID-19 pandemic has spread like wildfire, some parts of the world have bucked the trend through careful planning, imaginative use of technology, efficient deployment of available resources, and community participation. Such efforts are leading to inspiring success stories. The state of Karnataka is located in the south-western region of India, with a population of over 61 million; comparable to the population of the United Kingdom. Importantly, Karnataka was the first state in India to invoke the provisions of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 19873 . Karnataka widened the definition of ‘contact’ defined by the Indian government to include not only high-risk but also low-risk contacts; which helped to more effectively identify, trace and isolate exposed individuals and households, further helping in curbing the spread.

ANDHRA PRADESH – Early testing has helped maintain a low mortality rate in Andhra Pradesh, said Special Chief Secretary, Health and Family Welfare, Jawahar Reddy.

Even so, the AP government has already ramped up the testing and hospital facilities.“We will be expected to hospitalise 40,000 over the next two months as per our internal technical committee of experts, so we are adding 40,000 hospital beds over the 30,000 we are already equipped with,” said Reddy.Speaking about the treatment strategy in Andhra Pradesh, the state’s health secretary said, “We have introduced the concept of Covid Care Centres in AP which are an extension of quarantine centres but with medical facilities and doctors deputed here for asymptomatic or mild symptom patients.”Last year, CM Y.S.R. Jagan Mohan Reddy launched the village volunteer system. This has come in handy to locate virus clusters in the state.According to government data, 400,000 village and ward volunteers helped survey 14.1 million of the 14.3 million households in the state during the pandemic.

WEST BENGAL – The West Bengal government on Saturday urged people not to panic over the spread of COVID-19 and said that the situation in the State was under control. Chief Secretary Rajiva Sinha said that there were no plans to introduce a complete lockdown in the State, adding that complete restrictions would be imposed only in containment zones.

“We are always saying people should not panic but probably due to lack of information or misinformation people are starting to panic,” Mr. Sinha told journalists at the State secretariat.

The Chief Secretary said the COVID-19 death rate in the State had come down to 2.7%, which is very close to the national average of 2.5%. Noting that the State has a population of over 10 crore, Mr. Sinha said that out of the 19,391 active cases, over 70% were asymptomatic.

“Due to the improvement in health infrastructure, only 4.5% cases are serious. This is the figure that needs to be highlighted,” he added. The Chief Secretary said that cases in the State are likely to increase but the State government was prepared to tackle the situation.

TELANGANA – In the last fortnight, not only the cases of Covid-19 in Telangana have been on the rise but even the number of persons who are getting discharged from hospitals has increased.

While the recoveries have increased, but due to the novelty of the Covid-19 disease, it has become difficult for epidemiologists to give a firm response to tough questions like can the discharged patients get re-infected again?Senior doctors acknowledge that despite the rise in recoveries, the fact also remains that there is no guarantee that the immunity levels of the recovered patients will last them long enough to outrun this ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.

“We are making all out efforts to ensure that the discharged patients from Gandhi Hospital are not infecting others after their discharge. During the discharge, we are asking them to take physical distancing measures for the next 28 days and if possible avoid venturing out,” Gandhi Hospital Superintendent Dr M Raja Rao said.

BIHAR – Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumaron Monday said that the state government will bear the entire expenses incurred on the treatment of the coronavirus patients.The Chief Minister also announced a compensation in the case of death due to coronavirus.

“If someone dies due to coronavirus then the next of the kin of the deceased will be given Rs 4 Lakh as compensation from the Chief Minister’s Relief Fund,” he said.Apart from this, the Bihar CM also said that regular screening of people is being done at 49 locations at the India-Nepal border to identify possible suspects of the COVID-19.

Following these announcements, the Bihar Assembly was adjourned sine-die due to the concerns related to the coronavirus outbreak.

UTTAR PRADESH – in establishing a protocol for contact tracing, testing and quarantining, Uttar Pradesh has set a good example. The successful Agra cluster containment model, for example, has already attracted a lot of attention. In dealing with the violators of guidelines, be it the Tablighis or others, the state has displayed requisite tact and firmness. So far, more than 2.52 crore people in over 50 lakh homes have been reached by over 60,000 surveillance infrastructure has been scaled up in record time. Seventy-eight hospitals of Level-1, 64 government hospitals of Level-2 and six hospitals of Level-3 — with a combined bed capacity of 52,000 — have been set up, covering every district of the state. Fifty-three units manufacturing PPEs, 99 units making sanitisers and 412 units making medical equipment and medicines have been made functional in the state in the last two months.Adityanath is the only state leader to have understood the importance of providing early economic relief. It was the first state government to provide Rs 1,000 each to 5.97 lakh construction workers on March 24. Since then, in April, Rs, 1,000 each was transferred to an additional almost 30 lakh workers, and Rs 611 crore was transferred to over 27 lakh MGNREGA workers. On May 1, labour day, over 30 lakh workers were again given Rs 1,000 each. All this is over and above the central government relief packages.

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